By far the most common question we get at Finquiz is, “What does it take to pass the CFA level 1 exam?” It’s a valid question considering only 42% of CFA level 1 candidates passed the June 2015 exam.
How can more than half of the candidates taking an exam fail to achieve a passing score? What does the CFA Institute expect you to know before moving on to the second exam?
Of course, the Institute doesn’t make things any easier by not releasing their minimum passing score. We know that no candidate has failed any of the exams with a score of 70% or higher but we’re never given the minimum score for any testing year.
But there are ways to approach the exam to determine what you need to do to be confident of passing. Looking at the topic weights and understanding how the CFA level 1 curriculum is tested can give you the edge you need to push you above the mysterious passing score.
CFA Level 1 Most Important Topics
Every study plan should start off by looking at what is being tested and how important it is to the overall exam. The CFA Institute releases the topic weights for the three exams each year with changes occurring only rarely.
The CFA exam topic weights factor heavily into our study strategy to pass the CFA level 1 exam. Topic weights have changed only slightly since I studied for the level 1 exam in 2009 and the key topics haven’t changed. Ethics and Financial Reporting & Analysis continue to be the most tested topics. You should also notice that Equity Investments and Fixed Income, while only worth 10% of your level 1 exam are worth a much bigger percentage in the other two exams. Focusing on these other two topics as well will help you save time when you do pass the first exam.
It may be a little disappointing but there really is no secret to passing the CFA level 1 exam. The exam covers a huge range of topics and can seem overwhelming for many candidates. Fortunately, the test doesn’t get very far into the details of the subject matter. The curriculum is tested on a basic understanding, a mastery of the big picture and the relationships between different concepts.
This means that you shouldn’t spend too much time on any particular topic or reading. Make sure you master the four core topic areas in terms of weighting but read through the entire curriculum multiple times to get a strong overview of everything.
The CFA Institute regularly releases its candidate study survey that nearly always shows an average of 300 hours studying by successful candidates. While candidates in the level 2 exam might spend a majority of time on FRA and level 3 candidates probably spend more time on the essay section, level 1 candidates should spread their time out more evenly.
Trying to spend 300 hours reading through the same curriculum is only going to lead to burn out. You need to mix up your study resources so studying stays fresh enough that you don’t get bored. This means reading the curriculum, reviewing notes, working practice problems, studying flash cards and even reviewing difficult concepts on YouTube when available.
CFA Level 1 Study Plan: Tortoise or the Hare
If you are reading this for the 2015 December level 1 exam, just two months out from now, you may need to kick your study plan into overdrive depending on how far along you are in the curriculum. You will want to start taking mock exams and practice exams by November to gauge your progress. Aim for a target of 75% or better in each topic area to give yourself some room for error on the actual exam.
Multiple resources are the key for covering the material from different perspectives and reviewing the curriculum multiple times. With thousands of pages in the official curriculum, you may not have time to read through it again and still do the necessary practice problems and mock exams. Try shifting more time to review notes and flash cards to cover the material more quickly.
If you are studying for the 2016 CFA level 1 exam next June, then you’ve got more time to prepare. Start reading through the curriculum in December or January at the latest. Once you’ve worked through the official curriculum once, you can start reviewing using other resources to reinforce the material.
Given the low pass rates on the CFA exams, you’re best bet is to over-study for the test. Plan an aggressive study strategy and go into the exam super-confident that you know the material. It’s far better to over-study than to have to spend another year reviewing the material because you didn’t study enough.
‘til next time, happy studyin’
Joseph Hogue, CFA